Whitehill: That after the state governments is destroyed. When vacancies happen, etc. the executive, etc. They have the time, manner, and place (1st Article , section 4th ). They have also the power of saying what the qualification of the electors —£10,000. Why destroy the foundation of the state governments?
Hartley: The Norman Conqueror usurped the liberties of the people and hence arose the claims of rights by the people, but different in America. The power of collecting taxes ought to be vested in Congress.
Rush: Voltaire says that there is but one instance of a treaty not being broke, i.e., the one made by William Penn with the Indians. Magna Charta has often been broke, hence arose the claims of rights, etc.
Yeates: The objections are reduced to two heads-a bill of rights and the annihilation of the state constitutions. 4th Article, 4 section guarantees to each state a republican form of government. 1 Article, 10th section the same as is granted in the Confederation, Article 6th.
Findley: That what is not expressly given away is retained may in part be true, but not conclusive. Have we any security for an equal representation?
Smilie: Remembrancer 2nd. Page 21 Virga. B of R-p215-p221. We have not proceeded further than the first six words. I wish the gentleman W would answer the objections.
JAMES WILSON: It's my duty, and I intend to give answers when I hear any objection worthy of an answer. Until I hear much stronger reasons, I shall not trouble the Convention with any further observations.
Smilie: Pledges himself to offer a bill of rights that bill of rights will not destroy the Constitution.
Two objections: 1st no safety without a bill of rights, (2) whether this is a consolidation or a confederation, (3) to a direct tax, (4) to a standing army.