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title:“Anthony Wayne's Notes of the Pennsylvania Ratification Convention”
date written:1787-12-3

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last updated:Jan. 22, 2013, 7:56 a.m. UTC
retrieved:Dec. 5, 2023, 2:19 a.m. UTC

"Anthony Wayne's Notes of the Pennsylvania Ratification Convention." The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution. Vol. 2. Ed. Gaspare J. Saladino and John P. Kaminski. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 1976. 460-32. Print.

Anthony Wayne's Notes of the Pennsylvania Ratification Convention (December 3, 1787)

Findley: The king makes treaties ministerially and the legislature find difficulty in making laws to confirm them.
JAMES WILSON: The President and Council in this Constitution makes the treaty ministerially.
Whitehill: By this Constitution two-thirds of the Senate, "with the President," may make treaties to abolish the legislature of the United States as the section make those treaties the supreme law of the land in the nature of things. An inconsistency between the 1st and 2nd articles.
JAMES WILSON: Treaties in all countries have the force of laws.2 1st. Blackstone.
Findley: My object is to point out inconsistencies in the Constitution.
Benjamin Rush: In Great Britain the king alone makes the treaty. In the present Constitution the President and Senate make the treaty, therefore it is the act of the states therefore the act of the whole people.
James Wilson: Article 2, section 2nd: The power of the President and 2/3 of the Senate to concur.
Findley: Takes exceptions to the 9th section, I Article, that part admitting the importation of slaves.4

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