Smilie: The President has no powers–he is only a tool to the Senate. The officers of the army will obey those who appoint them.
Vide the last clause but 2 in 8 section 1. Will the mild laws of the states for governing the militia be continued by Congress? No, we shall find laws to inflict corporal punishment.
Section 4th Article 6: Congress shall guarantee to each state a republican form of government.
Findley: By the silence of the gentlemen on the other side I take that they concede and admit the force of the arguments offered by the member from Fayette. The militia may be ordered from New Hampshire to Georgia to suppress an insurrection.
Smilie: I have hope the gentlemen will not take advantage of the sickness of one of our members.
FINDLEY: Has another objection to the power of regulating elections. Mr. Finley objects to the manner of holding elections (4th section, 1st Article). This state may have its representation reduced to 4, 3, and even to 1.
Query: What will be the proportion of the Delaware representation? 1 member for every 30,000?
Smilie: Adams's book takes this direction (53L 362-55L 372P).
(1) The declamatory rep and abuse of the members of the General Convention.
The late Convention have been frequently charged with intending to deprive the citizens of America of their nearest and dearest rights.
(2) The expenses of the present organization of the militia.
3,000 militia including pay, arms, rations, etc. for three months- the first £40,000, the second and 3rd, ;£30,000. Vide Page XXVI Article 6; XXVII, Article 9 of the Confederation: troops to garrison posts.2
Mr. Smilie, the expenses of a standing army, nothing to the present expense of the militia.
(3) The mild militia laws, etc.
I recollect that in 1785 an attempt was made to lay a fine on the tender conscience to pay in proportion to per his estate.
(4) The Senate appoint officers and try the impeachment.
The President and Council appoint and try impeachments.