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title:“Anthony Wayne's Notes of the Pennsylvania Ratification Convention”
date written:1787-12-7

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last updated:Jan. 22, 2013, 8:33 a.m. UTC
retrieved:June 25, 2022, 6:01 p.m. UTC

"Anthony Wayne's Notes of the Pennsylvania Ratification Convention." The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution. Vol. 2. Ed. Gaspare J. Saladino and John P. Kaminski. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 1976. 514, 522-23. Print.

Anthony Wayne's Notes of the Pennsylvania Ratification Convention (December 7, 1787)

Whitehill: Contends that the judiciary powers granted to Congress will totally absorb the state courts. This power may extend to defeat and regulate the wills of the citizens. Congress can by this Constitution give all the real estate to the eldest son.
The Congress may deprive the citizens of America of the liberty of conscience by treaty.
The power to decide in controversies "between Citizens of different States."
Smilie: In collecting direct taxes, whether the collector might have a quarrel with one of the citizens, may not that citizen be dragged away to the appellate court of Congress? The expenses will be accumulated by the additional inferior courts.
Findley: I have my doubts respecting the independence of the judges, such as to stated times of paying the salaries. The judges are eligible to any other office they may hold seats in the legislature or Senate.
The power of making treaties ought to be confined. They are declared the supreme laws of the land, therefore they may be of such a nature as to repeal or infringe the very Constitution.

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