CONVENTION PROCEEDINGS. Clause respecting the raising and supporting armies.
Mr. Lansing proposed the following.— "Provided, That no standing army, or regular troops shall be raised, or kept up, in time of peace, without the consent of two thirds of the members of both houses present."
CONVENTION PROCEEDINGS. Respecting the organizing and arming the militia, &c. "Provided, that the militia of any state shall not be marched out of such state, without the consent of the executive thereof, nor be continued in service out of the state, without the consent of the legislature thereof, for a longer term than six weeks; and provided, that the power to organize, arm and discipline the militia shall not be construed to extend further, than to prescribe the mode of arming and disciplining the same." Moved by Mr. M. Smith.
CONVENTION PROCEEDINGS. Respecting the power to make all laws necessary for the carrying the constitution into execution. "Provided, that no power shall be exercised by Congress, but such as is expressly given by this constitution; and all other powers, not expressly given, shall be reserved to the respective states, to be by them exercised." Moved by Mr. Lansing. Sec. 9. Respecting the privilege of habeas corpus. "Provided, that whenever the privilege of habeas corpus shall be suspended, such suspension shall in no case exceed the term of six months, or until the next meeting of the Congress." Moved by Mr. Lansing.
CONVENTION PROCEEDINGS. Respecting ex post facto laws. "Provided, that the meaning of ex post facto laws shall not be construed, to prevent calling public defaulters to account; but shall extend only to crimes." Moved by Mr. Tredwell.
CONVENTION PROCEEDINGS. Respecting the ratio in which taxes shall be laid. "Resolved, as the opinion of this committee, that no capitation tax ought ever to be laid." Moved by Mr. Tredwell.
CONVENTION PROCEEDINGS. Clause relative to the publication of the receipts and expenditures. "Provided, that the words from time to time shall be so construed, as that the receipts and expenditures of public money shall be published at least once in every year, and be transmitted to the executives of the several states to be laid before the legislatures thereof." Moved by Mr. Tredwell.
CONVENTION PROCEEDINGS. Clause relative to the granting titles of nobility. "Resolved, as the opinion of this committee, that the Congress shall at no time consent, that any person holding any office of profit or trust in or under the United States, shall accept of any title of nobility from any king, prince, or foreign state." Moved by Mr. M. Smith.