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title:“Jacob Broom to Thomas Collins”
authors:Jacob Broom
date written:1787-5-23

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last updated:Jan. 22, 2013, 8:17 a.m. UTC
retrieved:Dec. 11, 2023, 10:25 a.m. UTC

Broom, Jacob. "Letter to Thomas Collins." Supplement to Max Farrand's The Records of the Federal Convention of 1787. Ed. James H. Hutson. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987. 16-17. Print.
Autograph Letter Signed, Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Jacob Broom to Thomas Collins (May 23, 1787)

Philada. 23 May 1787
Sir, I take the liberty to inform you, that Mr. Read and myself are the only Deputies who have attended from our State until Monday evening last, when Mr. Bassett arrived. Mr. Dickinson is not yet come on.
The Gentlemen who have been present from the different States have daily attended at the State House, and as often have been in expectation of meeting a competent number of States to proceed to business, but as yet only six are represented by a quorum, viz. New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, North and South Carolina. There are Members also from Massachusetts, Georgia, Maryland, and Jersey and one Gentleman from the latter would form a quorum; he is hourly expected; when he shall arrive it is probable that the business will be entered upon. All the States have now appointed except Rhode Island and no good is to be expected from her. I have enclosed you a News Paper which will give you an account of some of their proceedings. Very little has yet been said upon the subject of the present meeting, therefore 'tis difficult to gather any thing whereon to form an opinion of their views. It is universally agreed that something ought to be done to establish the Government of the United States upon a more respectable footing than the present system.1 The Members of the Convention being fully impressed with a sense of this, do not talk of separating, but intend (at least) to attempt some plan. Two Legislative Branches and one Executive seems to be a prevailing sentiment; but how extensive their powers will be a weighty subject of consideration. One Plan has made its appearance introduced by a Mr. Pinckney of S. Carolina. It appears to me to be a Compound, abstracted from the several Constitutions and the Articles of Confederation, except in a few particulars; one of them is a proposed Consolidation of the States and Members to be sent to the Federal Councils in proportion to the Number of Inhabitants; this will by no means be agreeable to the Citizens of the lesser States, tho it will be an object with the larger ones.2 We have no powers given us to treat on that tender subject and tho I am convinced there is not a Member from our State who could be draged into a Measure of the kind, yet I am well pleased that the Legislature shewed their disapprobation to it in the Act appointing their Deputies.
If a Quorum should be present from our State, in about a fortnight, or less, I intend to have the Honor of visiting you at Dover; by that time I expect our Legislature will be convened; and in the meantime, if opportunity should present, and any thing transpire worth communicating, I will do myself the Honor to write again to your Excellency.
I am with the greatest respect and esteem your Excellencys most obedient and most Humble Servant.
Jacob Broom

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