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title:“James Madison to Edmund Randolph”
authors:James Madison
date written:1788-4-10

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https://consource.org/document/james-madison-to-edmund-randolph-1788-4-10/20130122080651/
last updated:Jan. 22, 2013, 8:06 a.m. UTC
retrieved:Feb. 27, 2021, 7:09 p.m. UTC

transcription
citation:
Madison, James. "Letter to Edmund Randolph." The Records of the Federal Convention of 1787. Vol. 3. Ed. Max Farrand. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1911. Print.

James Madison to Edmund Randolph (April 10, 1788)

Orange April 10th. 1788
I do not know of anything in the new Constitution that can change the obligations of the public with regard to the old money. The principle on which it is to be settled, seems to be equally in the power of that as of the existing one. The claim of the Indiana Company cannot I should suppose be any more validated by the new System, than that of all the creditors and others who have been aggrieved by unjust laws. You do not mention what part of the Constitution, could give colour to such a doctrine. The condemnation of retrospective laws, if that be the part, does not appear to me, to admit on any principle of such a retrospective construction. As to the religious test, I should conceive that it can imply at most nothing more than that without that exception, a power would have been given to impose an oath involving a religious test as a qualification for office. The constitution of necessary offices being given to the Congress, the proper qualifications seem to be evidently involved. I think too there are several other satisfactory points of view in which the exception might be placed.1

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