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title:“James Madison to Thomas Jefferson”
authors:James Madison
date written:1788-7-24

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retrieved:Nov. 28, 2023, 12:39 p.m. UTC

Madison, James. "Letter to Thomas Jefferson." The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution. Vol. 18. Ed. Gaspare J. Saladino and John P. Kaminski. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 1995. 144. Print.

James Madison to Thomas Jefferson (July 24, 1788)

Convention. New Hampshire is now deliberating on the Constitution. It is generally understood that an adoption is a matter of certainty. South Carolina & Maryland have fixed on April or May for their Conventions. The former it is currently said will be one of the ratifying States. Mr. Chace and a few others will raise a considerable opposition in the latter. But the weight of personal influence is on the side of the Constitution, and the present expectation is that the opposition will be outnumbered by a great majority. This State is much divided in its sentiment. Its Convention is to be held in June. The decision of Massts. will give the turn in favor of the Constitution unless an idea should prevail or the fact should appear, that the voice of the State is opposed to the result of its Convention. North Carolina has put off her Convention till July. The State is much divided it is said. The temper of Virginia, as far as I can learn, has undergone but little change of late. At first there was an enthusiasm for the Constitution. The tide next took a sudden and strong turn in the opposite direction. The influence and exertions of Mr. Henry, and Col. Mason and some others will account for this. Subsequent information again represented the Constitution as regaining in some degree its lost ground. The people at large have been uniformly said to be more friendly to the Constitution than the Assembly. But it is probable that the dispersion of the latter will have a considerable influence on the opinions of the former. The previous adoption of nine States will have must have a very persuasive, effect on the minds of the opposition, though I am told that a very bold language is held by Mr. H–y and some of his partizans. Great stress is laid on the self-sufficiency of that State, and the prospect of external props is alluded to.1
Congress have done no business of consequence yet, nor is it probable that much more of any sort will precede the event of the great question before the public. . . .

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