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title:“James Madison to Thomas Jefferson”
authors:James Madison
date written:1823-6-27

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retrieved:Dec. 1, 2023, 4:02 p.m. UTC

Madison, James. "Letter to Thomas Jefferson." Supplement to Max Farrand's The Records of the Federal Convention of 1787. Ed. James H. Hutson. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987. 312. Print.

James Madison to Thomas Jefferson (June 27, 1823)

Montpellier, June 27, 1823
Believing as I do that the General Convention regarded a provision within the Constitution for deciding in a peaceable & regular mode all cases arising in the course of its operation, as essential to an adequate System of Govt. that it intended the Authority vested in the Judicial Department as a final resort in relation to the States, for cases resulting to it in the exercise of its functions, (the concurrence of the Senate chosen by the State Legislatures, in appointing the Judges, and the oaths & official tenures of these, with the surveillance of public Opinion, being relied on as guarantying their impartiality); and that this intention is expressed by the articles declaring that the federal Constitution & laws shall be the supreme law of the land, and that the Judicial Power of the U. S. shall extend to all cases arising under them: . . . thus believing I have never yielded my original opinion indicated in the "FÅ“deralist" No. 391 to the ingenious reasonings of Col: Taylor agst. this construction of the Constitution.

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