Reasons for Adopting the Constitution1
recognition of the supreme power of the people.2
The legislative, executive, and judicial powers kept distinct. and independent.
The legislative authority divided-beneficence-wisdom.
The executive authority, one-stability-vigor-responsibility.
The judicial authority independent-restraining the excesses of legislative and executive power. Property and personal security.
The result of this distribution of power-mutually prevent and check excesses-to procure the advantages and avoid the inconveniencies of the different kinds of government.
All authority is derived by representation from the people; the democratic principle is carried into every part of the government.
Right of suffrage, fundamental to republics, secured (Article 1, section 2).
Representation and direct taxation according to numbers (Article 1, section 2).
Members of the legislature cannot hold offices in government (Article 1, section 6).
Everything almost is transacted by a majority. The minority do not govern.
The powers of the general government are necessary and well-defined.
The restraints on it and the state governments are salutary (Article 1, section 9).
The power of punishing on impeachment for crimes and misdemeanors in office (Article 2, section 4).
The accurate description of treason-its consequences confined to the criminal (Article 3, section 3).
A republican government is guaranteed to each state (Article 4, section 4).
The seeds of improvement by amendment (Article 5)