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title:“Justus Dwight 's Notes of the Massachusetts Ratification Convention”
authors:Justus Dwight
date written:1788-1-29

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last updated:Jan. 22, 2013, 8:24 a.m. UTC
retrieved:Aug. 10, 2020, 11:20 a.m. UTC

Dwight, Justus. "Justus Dwight 's Notes of the Massachusetts Ratification Convention." The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution. Vol. 6. Ed. Gaspare J. Saladino and John P. Kaminski. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2000. 1363-64. Print.

Justus Dwight 's Notes of the Massachusetts Ratification Convention (January 29, 1788)

Mr. Dalton. That it can't be supposed that the Congress will oblige the militia to go into foreign service. That the militia will be an army when embodied.
Mr. Dalton. That they have power to raise the militia only in invasions and insurrections.
Mr. Cabot. That there is no danger When we give power to make treaties we give power to fulfill. If our militia are joined with other power they must be under their [i.e., Congress'] control.
Mr. Parsons. That the Congress have power to send their armies out of the United States and it is right they should because it is better to attack an Enemy out of our country than in it.
That treaties unless approved by the Legislature will be void.
Mr. Gorham. That it may be very necessary to march an army out of the States.
Mr. Wedgery. That all treaties made by the President and Senate shall be the Supreme Law of the Land and therefore need not the Legislature to confirm them.
Desires to ensure what other court were allowed.
Article 3rd Section 2.
Mr. Parsons. That if there was no Judicial power they could not put their laws in force. [Three lines indecipherable.]
Whether two persons in different states may not for small affairs go to the Supreme Court of the Land.
Mr. Parsons. That it may be possible they may get it. Will not do to throwaway constitution for so small an objection.

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