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title:“Notes on Debates by John Dickinson”
authors:John Dickinson
date written:1787-6-30

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retrieved:Dec. 1, 2023, 10:20 p.m. UTC

Dickinson, John. "Notes on Debates by John Dickinson." Supplement to Max Farrand's The Records of the Federal Convention of 1787. Ed. James H. Hutson. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987. 133-34. Print.
Autograph Document, Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Notes on Debates by John Dickinson (June 30, 1787)

The Line drawn for Alteration General Powers cannot be particularized. Map of America. Mr. Wilson—Waters of Bitterness have flowed from unequal Representation Men or States cant confederate wont participate with same Rights True—but they may—what they will part with—a party in [one word undecipherable] under Sanction of Compact. Mr. Wilson—Smaller states cant be injured, but protected by Executive—doubtfulI—Is there no other Mode of Injury. On this Proposal, every Man may give his Vote, and therefore may be equally represented—answer—Here is a substantiation of every Reason on which our objection is founded, i.e., the Representatives chosen in Virginia will carry into the public councils that Momentum of Attention to Virginia which animated their Electors. This can only be counteracted by a supposition that the Citizens of Virginia are as ardently attached to the Interests of New Hampshire or Delaware as to those of Virginia a supposition which the Honorable Gentleman will not make especially as two Interests may sometimes be opposite. Resolved, that a national Executive be chosen in the Manner following, that is to say—the Freeholders of each state respectively shall every two Years at the Election of the Members of the first Branch nominate person Resident within the same out of whom the national Legislature shall chuse the said Executive. SUPPLEMENT TO FARRAND'S RECORDS Rates of Representation in the first Branch to be founded on Taxes actually collected and paid every Year. A Negative by the national Legislature on the Legislative Acts of Individual States to be retained. Equal Laws as to persons and places. Rotation in 2d Branch. Exclusive Right of emitting Money of every kind. Also of terminating Contests within a State. So of punishing their officers—Habeas Corpus and Trial by Jury

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