Yeas and Nays Clause
Article I, Section 5, Clause 3
Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered on the Journal.
Article I, Section 7, Clause 2
. . . But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. . . .
- James Madison in the House of Representatives
- Secretary of State: Convention Papers Received from President Washington
- Newspaper Report of the House of Representatives Debates August 19, 1789
- James Madison in the Virginia Convention
- Thomas Lloyd's Notes of the Pennsylvania Ratification Convention
- United States Constitution
The Constitution of the United States.
- Charles Pinckney: "Observations On The Plan of Government Submitted to The Federal Convention, in Philadelphia, on the 28th of May, 1787"