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title:“Anthony Wayne's Notes of the Pennsylvania Ratification Convention”
date written:1787-12-1

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last updated:Jan. 22, 2013, 8:12 a.m. UTC
retrieved:Aug. 16, 2022, 6:14 a.m. UTC

"Anthony Wayne's Notes of the Pennsylvania Ratification Convention." The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution. Vol. 2. Ed. Gaspare J. Saladino and John P. Kaminski. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 1976. 445-447, 453-454. Print.

Anthony Wayne's Notes of the Pennsylvania Ratification Convention (December 1, 1787)

Chambers: The 1 section of the first Article limits the Congress to the powers therein granted.
Findley: Draws a simile of a man in health, being by a combination of gentlemen persuaded that he was sick, which produced his death.
The taxes fully adequate to pay the interest and debts.
My opinion is that the system is unnecessary and improper-it is not such as the people had a right to expect.
"We the people," not "the people of the United States," supposes us in a state of nature, and to a stranger it would appear that no states were in existence.
The people and the assemblies are only electors, and when they have once elected, they have no power over the persons elected.
The power to tax is only in the sovereign authority-there cannot exist two sovereign powers to tax.
Judicial power: Was it ever known that judges took an oath to be bound by the laws of two sovereign states?
The wages paid out of the common stock is unequal and unjust as one state is 10 times greater than another.
Wilson: Upon what principle can the gentleman defend the assertion of the supreme power being in the United States? The contrary is the fact; the supreme power is in and retained by the people.
The legislature may be restrained by the judicial department and by biennial elections. The President may be called the man of the people.
John Smilie: Has not Congress a power, or right, to declare what is libel? That this government is a complete aristocracy.
Whitehill: The Congress have the power of suppressing the liberty of the press entirely.

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